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Short Gun Microphone and Long Gun Microphone: Applications and Selection Criteria


When it comes to capturing high-quality audio in various recording scenarios, the selection of the right microphone is paramount. Two popular options for directional microphones are the Short Gun Microphone and Long Gun Microphone. We will explore the characteristics, applications, and selection criteria for these two types of microphones, helping you make an informed decision for your audio recording needs.

Short Gun Microphone:

A short gun microphone, also known as a shotgun microphone, is a highly directional microphone designed to capture sound from a narrow area. It features a long and narrow interference tube that effectively cancels out off-axis sound, allowing it to focus primarily on the sound source directly in front of it. The short gun microphone’s narrow pickup pattern provides excellent isolation and reduces ambient noise, making it ideal for capturing audio in controlled environments.


1. Film and video production: Short gun microphones are commonly used in filmmaking to capture dialogue and ambient sounds on set. Their directional nature allows for precise targeting of specific subjects while minimizing background noise.

2. Broadcasting and journalism: In broadcast and journalism settings, shotgun microphones excel at capturing clear audio during interviews and on-location reporting. They enable the microphone operator to focus on the subject while minimizing the pickup of surrounding noise.

3. Wildlife recording: Shotgun microphones are frequently used in nature documentaries and wildlife recording, as they allow sound engineers to capture distant animal sounds without disturbing the natural environment.

Selection Criteria: When choosing a short gun microphone, consider the following factors:

1. Length and size: Short gun microphones come in various lengths, and their size can affect portability and handling. Consider the microphone’s physical dimensions and weight to ensure it suits your specific recording needs.

2. Frequency response: Look for a microphone with a wide frequency response to capture the full range of audio accurately. A flat and extended frequency response ensures faithful reproduction of the sound source.

3. Sensitivity: Consider the microphone’s sensitivity, which determines how effectively it captures low-level sounds. Higher sensitivity is preferable for capturing soft or distant sounds.

Long Gun Microphone:

The long gun microphone, also known as a rifle microphone or supercardioid microphone, shares similarities with the short gun microphone but has a narrower pickup pattern. Its interference tube is longer, allowing for even greater rejection of off-axis sound. The long gun microphone offers excellent directivity and enhanced isolation.


1. Sports broadcasting: Long gun microphones are commonly used in sports broadcasting, allowing commentators to capture clear and focused audio from the field while reducing crowd noise.

2. Theatre and stage performances: In theatrical productions, long gun microphones help amplify actors’ voices while minimizing feedback and background noise.

3. Conference and lecture recordings: The long gun microphone’s focused pickup pattern makes it suitable for capturing speeches and presentations in crowded conference rooms or lecture halls.

Selection Criteria: Consider the following factors when selecting a long gun microphone:

1. Off-axis rejection: Look for a microphone with excellent off-axis rejection capabilities to minimize unwanted sound pickup from the sides and rear. This ensures cleaner audio recordings in environments with ambient noise.

2. Rear rejection: Some long gun microphones feature enhanced rear rejection, further reducing sound pickup from behind the microphone. This can be beneficial in situations where background noise is prevalent.

3. Durability and build quality: Long gun microphones may be subjected to frequent handling and transportation. Consider a microphone with a robust build quality to withstand rigorous use.


Both short gun microphones and long gun microphones offer excellent directional capabilities, making them ideal for various recording applications. The selection between the two depends on the specific requirements of your recording scenario. By considering the applications, selection criteria, and individual preferences, you can choose the most suitable microphone to capture high-quality audio and enhance your recordings.

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